ISJ Internation Schools Journal Envisioning the K-Graduate Education Paradigm
ACS Athens

ISJ November 2014: Historical vignette – Tracing the path of ESL provision in international schools over the last four decades. Part one


Maurice Carder


This article will trace trends in the provision of pedagogical programmes for non-native speakers of English in international schools and worldwide; suggest why particular programme models – or lack of them – were chosen; and point to a viable model for schools in the future, with a carefully argued justification. The focus will be on the middle and upper school as this is my speciality. References will be given for those who care to follow the arguments in more detail.