ISJ November 2012: An instrument to measure traditional and cyber bullying in overseas schools
Traditional and cyber bullying and victimization are problematic in overseas middle schools. Although most administrators believe this to be true, many schools have done little to address the issues associated with bullying and victimization due to lack of understanding, training, time, and resources.
In the fall of 2011 an instrument was developed and implemented in two overseas middle schools in a European capital city. The results of the survey found that many of the behaviors associated with studies conducted in the United States were similar although differences suggest there is a need for continued research in overseas middle schools.